04-05-2016

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86ba681e9edd434429214dfc42115af1 CICADA

Cicada orni

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Features Cicada

cicada

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Scientific name: Cicada orni

Common name: Cicada Cicada =

English: Cicada
French: Cigale grise = Cigale de l’orne
German: Mannazikade
Italian: Cicala Grigia
Portuguese: Cicada
Order: Hemiptera
Family: cicada

 

Characteristics:

- Weight:

- Length: 2.8 cm.

- Wingspread: 3 cm.

- Longevity: Between 1 and 2 months.

- Habitat: Forests.

- Distribution: Southern Europe (Mediterranean area).

- Customs: diurnal species.

- Food: Herbivore (tree sap).

- Playback: Starting more than 300 eggs.

- Enemies:

 

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On their physical appearance:

The cicada is an insect large.

Cicada, when it is at rest, keeping the wings in position roof. Two pairs of transparent wings are crossed by a number of veins and show 11 black spots.

On feeding:

Adult cicada has a total dependence on plants, we say it is an epiphyte species.
But at the same time, the cicada is also an arboreal species because vegetables in living trees is.

Adult cicada feeds on sap through his long face that gets through the bark of branches and reach the sap.

Meanwhile, their offspring (called nymphs) live underground and feed on the sap from the roots.
Although little activity and develop only move to transfer from one root to another.

About reproduction:

The male cicada is who sings to attract females.

The song of the cicada is produced by a stridulatory organ with this insect in the abdomen called tímbalo composed of membranes.
The song is amplified by a kind of sounding board, which also owns the male cicada, formed by two resonant cavities.
The cicadas sound perceived by the tympanic organ also abdominal situation.

The female cicada, thanks to the ovipositor, lays more than 300 eggs in the holes practiced in the bark of trees.

When the nymphs hatch in autumn, they fall to the ground and galleries practice, thanks to its forelimbs of excavator type, until they find the roots.

During the 2 years when the cicadas are nymphs they go through five stages.
In late May or early June, nymphs reappear to the surface, and make their final molt, called imaginal molt, before becoming an adult. This is the time of life of the cicada in which it is most vulnerable to the dangers that lurk.

More information on other insects in the listing above.
THE CHICHARRA
Ephippiger ephippiger

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alicorta chicharra

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Scientific name: Ephippiger ephippiger

Common name: Cicada alicorta

English: Bush-cricket
French: Éphippigère des vignes
German: Steppen-Sattelschrecke
Italian: CAVALLETTA
Portuguese: Grilão
Family: Tettigoniidae

Characteristics:

- Weight:

- Length: 2.5 cm.

- Wingspread: Priceless.

- Longevity:

- Habitat: Steppes.

- Distribution: South and Central Europe. southwestern part of Asia.

- Customs: diurnal, solitary and sedentary species.

- Food: Herbivore (shrubs and various plants).

- Playback:

- Enemies:

More features alicorta chicharra

On their physical appearance:

The alicorta insect cicada is a large, predominantly greenish coloration, although we can find animals browner.

It is characteristic of the cicada alicorta the great gusset neck bends back and protects the wings.

As has atrophied wings, you can not fly alicorta buzzer.

The buzzer has a powerful singing very sharp but short produced by rubbing their short golden wings.
Females can also sing. We can see this species emits its song, during the summer, perched on shrubs and other plants.

 

On feeding:

Although a vegetarian, sometimes the cicada insect can get to practice cannibalism.

 

About the places where you live:

The alicorta cicada is a proper animal arid and very warm places.
It is found mainly in the Iberian Peninsula, but is also prevalent throughout Southern Europe. However, in Central Europe it is very scarce and more difficult to see this species.

More information on other insects in the listing above.
THE FLY
Musca domestica

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Scientific name: Musca domestica

Common name: Housefly Housefly =

English: House fly
French: Mouche domestique
German: Stubenfliege
Italian: housefly
Portuguese: Fly-domestic
Family: Muscidae

Characteristics:

Flies

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(Musca domestica)

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- Weight:

- Length: 1 cm.

- Height:

- Longevity: 2 weeks.

- Habitat: Gardens, houses and open fields.

- Distribution: Worldwide.

- Customs: diurnal species.

- Food: Omnivorous (decaying materials such as meat, feces and carbohydrate sweeteners such as rotten fruit and nectar).

- Playback: Set up to 150 eggs.

- Enemies: Many, many, from spiders; Amphibians such as frogs and toads; reptiles, like chameleons; to insectivorous birds like the robin, thrush or the nightingale
More features of the housefly

The fly has a compound eye consists of a set of individual lenses. As the eyes of the fly do not have eyelids, to wipe them fly uses its forelimbs.

The housefly is in the human environment.

A fly can generate up to 5 generations in one year.

Fly, although it may seem an unpleasant animal, it is very beneficial, allowing the recycling of decaying matter, is a good source of food for insectivorous animals and participate in the pollination of plants.

* More information: Common fly / flies Features / Trivia on flies / Plague of Flies

More information on other animals in the listing above.
THE SCORPION FLY
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Scientific name: Panorpa communis

Common name: Fly scorpion

English: Common scorpionfly
French: Mouche-scorpion
German: Gemeine Skorpionsfliege
Italian: Fly scorpione
Portuguese: Fly Escorpião
Order: Mecoptera
Family: panorpidae

Characteristics:

Photo Scorpion fly
(Panorpa communis)
- Weight:

- Length: 2 cm.

- Wingspread: 3 cm.

- Longevity:

- Habitat: Forests, hedges, banks, gardens, etc.

- Distribution: Europe.

- Customs: diurnal and terrestrial species.

- Food: Omnivorous (fruits and dead insects).

- Playback: Start 15 eggs.

- Enemies:

 

More features of the scorpion fly:

This sort of average size should name scorpion fly a special structure that does this bug at the end of his abdomen that resembles a clip.

Despite appearances (especially because of its name) the scorpion fly is harmless to humans.
Scorpion venom has no fly.

During mating, the male holds the female with his call gonopodium clip.
However, it is even more amazing what then performs the male scorpion fly: this insect, as if it were a gift to the female gives saliva. Saliva male, also serve for the eggs to mature properly.

Fly eggs scorpion-like caterpillars hatch into larvae that live underground.

- More information about the scorpion fly

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Bedbug MALLOW
Pyrrhocoris apterus

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bug
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(Phyrrhocoris apterus)

 

Scientific name: Pyrrhocoris apterus

Common name: Bedbug Mallow

English: Firebug
French: Gendarme
German: Gemeine Feuerwanze
Italian: rossonera Cimice
Portuguese: Percevejo
Order: Hemiptera
Family: Pyrrhocoridae
Characteristics:

- Weight:

- Length: 1 to 1.2 cm.

- Wingspread:

- Longevity:

- Habitat: orchards, gardens, parks and solar.

- Distribution: Eurasia and North Africa.

- Customs: diurnal species.

- Food: Herbivore (especially, mallows, occasionally, insects).

- Playback:

- Enemies:

- Scourge of plants

 

More features bedbug Mallow

On their physical appearance:

The bedbug Mallow has a red color with black spots and head and is the species that acquires greater stature within his family.

In nature, there is variety in the development of their 2 pairs of wings, are from individuals with full wings to others who have (wingless), most often having reduced wings (brachypterous).

Their behavior:

The bedbug Mallow is a gregarious animal and live bugs of different ages in the same group.

On feeding:

The bug feeds Mallow, thanks to its sucking apparatus type, vegetable juice of different types of silvers, but mostly mallow, especially of tree mallow (Lavatera arborea). However, it has been seen that sometimes feeds on insects and even get to develop cannibalistic habits, eating other animals of the same species.

This insect feeds on the sap and seeds mallow (Malva sylvestris) but is also found in other species of mallow and plants like hibiscus and marshmallow (Althaea officinalis). You can also attack cabbage and cabbage if no availability of other plants.

Therefore, this insect can sometimes regarded as a pest.

About reproduction:

 

Photo bedbug mallow (mating)

The breeding season of the mallow bug occurs in spring and summer the offspring reach the adult stage.

About the place where you live:

The bedbug Mallow is especially abundant throughout Southern Europe, but especially in the Iberian Peninsula. In these areas of the world, all warm regions, where there is a greater number of individuals of this species.

However, in Northern Europe, it is less abundant, as in the British Isles, where there is almost Mallow bugs.
The reason for this is that this insect is very sensitive to cold.

Moreover, the bedbug Mallow is a diner and anthropophilic species, living in many parts of the world but always close to the human species.
THE BUG LIGHT
lampyris noctiluca

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firefly larvae

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Adult firefly is a beetle

Scientific name: Lampyris noctiluca

Common name: Firefly

English: Firefly
French: See luisant = Mouche to feu
German: Leuchtkäfer
Italian: Lucciola
Portuguese: Vaga-lume

Order: Coleoptera
Family: Lampyridae

Characteristics:

- Weight:

- Length: 1.2 cm male
1.5 cm strand.

- Wingspread:

- Longevity:

- Habitat: Forests, gardens and forest parks.

- Distribution: Europe and Asia.

- Customs: terrestrial and nocturnal species.

- Food: Adult rarely feeds.
The larva eats snails and slugs.

- Playback: Starting 80 eggs.
Incubation 30 days.

- Enemies: Mainly nocturnal birds, bats also.

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If by chance came upon a female firefly, we must not fall into the mistake of thinking that this species is a type of worm. Firefly is a beetle or beetle, although the female remind us much to a worm (no wings).

Firefly emits light by a phenomenon called bioluminescence.

The ability to emit light firefly has given its name. For this we only look at the name given to this insect in one of the languages ​​of Europe.

The female firefly emits light to attract males, but not the only one that has this capability.

While the female firefly awaits a male attracted by its light, firefly males practice flight in search of a female signal.

Adult firefly although it is not fed, the larva of this insect is a great predator of snails and slugs.

Firefly has a very peculiar system of hunting snails and slugs. By the poison paralyzes its prey and eat when saliva has already done the effect digest.

This endearing insect unfortunately looks increasingly across Europe. It is believed that the gradual disappearance of this species is due to light pollution, by street lamps and other light sources from the large towns that hinder the male to find the female between the different lights of a great urban center.

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